Waterfall Environmental Sciences
Research Interests

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James W. Kirchner
Professor, EPS
479 McCone Hall
(510) 643-8559
kirchner@seismo.berkeley.edu

http://eps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/faculty.cgi?name=kirchner

Research Interests
Watershed hydrology and biogeochemistry
Effects of climate, topography, and land use on rates of chemical weathering and physical erosion
Evolutionary dynamics from the fossil record
Analysis of environmental data

Selected Publications
Catchement hydrology and geochemistry

Taylor, S., X. Feng, J. W. Kirchner, C. Renshaw, B. Klaue and R. Osterhuber, Isotopic evolution of a seasonal snowpack and its melt, Water Resources Research, in press, 2001.

Feng, X. H., J. W. Kirchner, C. E. Renshaw, R. Osterhuber, B. Klaue and S. Taylor, A study of solute transport mechanisms using REE tracers and artificial rain storms on snow, Water Resources Research, in press, 2001.

Whyte, D. C. and J. W. Kirchner, Assessing water quality impacts and cleanup effectiveness in streams dominated by episodic mercury discharges, Science of the Total Environment, 260, 1-9, 2000.

Neal, C. and J. W. Kirchner, Sodium and chloride levels in rainfall, mist, streamwater and groundwater at the Plynlimon catchments, mid-Wales: inferences on hydrological and geochemical controls, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 4, 295-310, 2000.

Kirchner, J. W., X. H. Feng and C. Neal, Fractal stream chemistry and its implications for contaminant transport in catchments, Nature, 403, 524-527, 2000.

Novak, M., J. W. Kirchner, H. Groscheova, M. Havel, J. Cerny and R. Krejci, Sulphur isotope dynamics in two Central European watersheds affected by high atmospheric deposition of SOx, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 64, 367-383, 2000.

S. Taylor, X. Feng, B. Klaue, M. Albert and J. Kirchner, Rare earth elements as chemical tracers in snow studies, Proceedings of the 55th Annual Eastern Snow Conference (S. Taylor and J. Hardy, eds.), 13-20, 1998.

Kirchner, J. W., Acid rain revisited (Letter), Science, 273, 293-294, 1996.

Kirchner, J. W., R. P. Hooper, C. Kendall, C. Neal, and G. Leavesley, Testing and validating environmental models, Science of the Total Environment, 183, 33-47, 1996.

Kirchner, J. W. and E. Lydersen, Base cation depletion and potential long-term acidification of Norwegian catchments, Environmental Science and Technology, 29, 1953-1960, 1995.

Kirchner, J. W., P. J. Dillon and B. D. LaZerte, Predictability of geochemical buffering and runoff acidification in spatially heterogeneous catchments, Water Resources Research, 29, 3891-3901, 1993.

Kirchner, J. W., P. J. Dillon and B. D. LaZerte, Separating hydrological and geochemical influences on runoff acidification in spatially heterogeneous catchments, Water Resources Research 29, 3903-3916, 1993.

Kirchner, J. W., Heterogeneous geochemistry of catchment acidification, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 56, 2311-2327, 1992.

Kirchner, J. W., P. J. Dillon and B. D. LaZerte, Predicted response of stream chemistry to acid loading tested in Canadian catchments, Nature, 358, 478-482, 1992.

Kirchner, J. W., A strategy for predicting watershed acidification, Ph.D. Thesis, Energy and Resources Group, University of California, Berkeley, CA., 169 pp., 1990.

Geomorphology and Earth surface processes

Kirchner, J. W., R. C. Finkel, C. S. Riebe, D. E. Granger, J. L. Clayton, J. G. King and W. F. Megahan, Mountain erosion over 10-year, 10,000-year, and 10,000,000-year timescales, Geology., in press, 2001.

Riebe, C. S., J. W. Kirchner, D. E. Granger, and R. C. Finkel, Strong tectonic and weak climatic control of long-term chemical weathering rates Geology, in press, 2001.

Riebe, C. S., J. W. Kirchner, D. E. Granger, and R. C. Finkel, Minimal climatic control on erosion rates in the Sierra Nevada, California, Geology, 29, 447-450, 2001.

Granger, D. E., C. S. Riebe, J. W. Kirchner, and R. C. Finkel, Modulation of erosion on steep granitic slopes by boulder armoring, as revealed by cosmogenic 26Al and 10Be, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 186, 269-281, 2001.

Riebe, C. S., J. W. Kirchner, and D. E. Granger, Quantifying quartz enrichment and its consequences for cosmogenic measurements of erosion rates from alluvial sediment and regolith, Geomorphology, in press, 2001.

Roering, J. J., J. W. Kirchner, and W. E. Dietrich, Hillslope evolution by nonlinear, slope-dependent transport: Steady-state morphology and equilibrium adjustment timescales, Journal of Geophysical Research, in press, 2001.

Roering, J. J., J. W. Kirchner, L. E. Sklar and W. E. Dietrich, Nonlinear creep and landsliding on an experimental hillslope, Geology, 29, 143-146, 2001.

Riebe, C. S., J. W. Kirchner, D. E. Granger and R. C. Finkel, Erosional equilibrium and disequilibrium in the Sierra Nevada, inferred from cosmogenic 26Al and 10Be in alluvial sediment, Geology, 28, 803-806, 2000.

Manga, M. and J. W. Kirchner, Stress partitioning in streams by large woody debris, Water Resources Research, 36, 2373-2379, 2000.

Roering, J. J., J. W. Kirchner and W. E. Dietrich, Evidence for non-linear, diffusive sediment transport on hillslopes and implications for landscape morphology, Water Resources Research, 35, 853-870, 1999.

Granger, D. E., J. W. Kirchner, and R. C. Finkel, Quaternary downcutting rate of the New River, Virginia, measured from 26Al and 10Be in cave-deposited alluvium, Geology, 25, 107-110, 1997.

Granger, D. E., J. W. Kirchner, and R. C. Finkel, Spatially averaged long-term erosion rates measured from in situ cosmogenic nuclides in alluvial sediment, Journal of Geology, 104, 249-257, 1996.

Seidl, M. A., W. E. Dietrich, and J. W. Kirchner, Longitudinal profile development into bedrock: an analysis of Hawaiian channels, Journal of Geology, 102, 457-474, 1994.

Kirchner, J. W., Statistical inevitability of Horton´s laws and the apparent randomness of stream channel networks--Reply to Masek and Turcotte, Geology, 22, 380-381, 1994.

Kirchner, J. W., Statistical inevitability of Horton´s laws and the apparent randomness of stream channel networks--Reply to Troutman and Karlinger, Geology, 22, 574-575, 1994.

Kirchner, J. W., Statistical inevitability of Horton´s laws and the apparent randomness of stream channel networks, Geology, 21, 591-594, 1993.

Buffington, J., W.E. Dietrich, and J.W. Kirchner, Friction angle measurements on a naturally-formed gravel streambed: implications for critical boundary shear stress, Water Resources Research, 28, 411-425, 1992.

Kirchner, J. W., W. E. Dietrich, F. Iseya, and H. Ikeda, The variability of critical shear stress, friction angle, and grain protrusion in water-worked sediments, Sedimentology, 37, 647-672, 1990.

Dietrich, W. E., J. W. Kirchner, H. Ikeda, and F. Iseya, Sediment supply and the development of the coarse surface layer in gravel-bedded rivers, Nature, 340, 215-217, 1989.

Evolution and ecology

Kirchner, J. W. and B.A. Roy, Evolutionary implications of host-pathogen specificity: Fitness consequences of host life history traits, Evolutionary Ecology, in press, 2001.

Roy, B. A., J. W. Kirchner, C. Christian and L. Rose, Disease incidence and disease tolerance in a Great Basin plant community, Evolutionary Ecology, in press, 2001.

Kirchner, J. W. and A. Weil, Delayed biological recovery from extinctions throughout the fossil record, Nature, 404, 177-180, 2000.

Kirchner, J. W. and A. Weil, Correlations in fossil extinctions and originations through geologic time, Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, B267, 1301-1309, 2000.

Roy, B. A. and J. W. Kirchner, Evolutionary dynamics of pathogen resistance and tolerance, Evolution, 54, 51-63, 2000.

Kirchner, J. W. and B. A. Roy, The evolutionary advantages of dying young: epidemiological implications of longevity in metapopulations, The American Naturalist, 154, 140-159, 1999.

Kirchner, J. W. and A. Weil, No fractals in fossil extinction statistics, Nature, 395, 337-338, 1998.

Other topics

Kirchner, J. W., The Gaia hypotheses: are they testable? Are they useful?, Scientists on Gaia (S. H. Schneider and P. J. Boston, eds.), pp. 38-46, M.I.T. Press, 1991. Also reprinted in Environmental Ethics: Readings in Theory and Application (L.P. Pojman, ed.), pp. 146-154, Jones and Bartlett Publishers, 1994.

Kirchner, J. W., Gaia metaphor unfalsifiable (Letter), Nature, 345, 470, 1990.

Kirchner, J. W., The Gaia hypothesis: can it be tested?, Reviews of Geophysics, 27, 223-235, 1989.

Kirchner, J. W., Diabolical speculations and divine artefacts (Letter), Nature, 337, 498, 1989.

Kirchner, J. W., G. Ledec, R. J. A. Goodland, and J. M. Drake, Carrying capacity, population growth, and sustainable development, Rapid Population Growth and Human Carrying Capacity: Two Perspectives(D.J. Mahar, ed.), World Bank Staff Working Paper no. 690, The World Bank, Washington, pp. 41-89, 1985.

Singh, I., L. Squire, and J. Kirchner, Agricultural Pricing and Marketing Policies in an African Context: A Framework for Analysis, World Bank Staff Working Paper no. 743, The World Bank, Washington, 106 pp., 1985.

Kirchner, J. W., Alleviating fuelwood crises in developing countries, M.S. Thesis, Resource Policy Center, Thayer School of Engineering, Dartmouth College, Hanover, N.H., 276 pp., 1982.

Kirchner, J. W., A conceptual framework for system dynamics model evaluation, in Proceedings of the 1981 System Dynamics Research Conference (D. Andersen and J. Morecroft, eds.), State University of New York at Albany, 1981.

Kirchner, H. P. and J. W. Kirchner, Fracture mechanics of fracture mirrors, Journal of the American Ceramics Society, 62, 198-202, 1979.

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Modification Date: 10/02/2006